US President Joe Biden has scored his first legislative win as the House of Representatives passed his $US1.9 trillion ($2.44 trillion) coronavirus relief package early, although Democrats face challenges to their hopes of using the bill to raise the minimum wage.
Key points:The plan would pay for vaccines and medical supplies and fund a new round of emergency aid paymentsThe bill now moves to the Senate, where Vice-President Kamala Harris may have to cast a tie-breaking voteDemocrats aim to have the bill signed into law before mid-March
Democrats, who control the chamber, passed the sweeping measure by a mostly party line vote of 219 to 212 and sent it on to the Senate, where Democrats planned a legislative manoeuvre to allow them to pass it without the support of Republicans.
The so-called American Rescue Plan would pay for vaccines and medical supplies and send a new round of emergency financial aid to households, small businesses and state and local governments.
Democrats said the package was needed to fight a pandemic that has so far killed more than 500,000 Americans and thrown millions out of work.
“The American people need to know that their government is there for them,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said in debate on the House floor.
Republicans, who have broadly backed previous COVID-19 spending, said much of the current package was not necessary.
Only 9 per cent of the total would go directly toward fighting the virus, they said.
“It just throws out money without accountability,” House Republican Leader Kevin McCarthy said.
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The House vote amounted to a successful first test for Democrats, who hold a narrow 221–211 majority in the chamber.
Progressives and moderates in the party, who are often at odds, are expected to face tougher battles ahead on the immigration and climate change initiatives that Mr Biden wants to push.
Democrats want minimum wage raisedSpace to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. US President-elect announces funding boost to COVID-19 health response
Mr Biden has focused his first weeks in office on tackling the greatest US public health crisis in a century.
Democrats aim to get the bill to him to sign into law before mid-March, when enhanced unemployment benefits and some other types of aid are due to expire.
The bill’s big ticket items include $1,800 direct payments to individuals, a $520-per-week federal unemployment benefit through August 29, and help for those in difficulty paying rents and home mortgages during the pandemic.
The action now moves to the Senate, where Vice-President Kamala Harris may have to cast a tie-breaking vote in a chamber where Republicans control 50 seats and Democrats and their allies control the other 50.
Democrats will have to sort out how to handle a proposed minimum wage increase, which may have to be stripped from the bill due to the complicated rules that govern the Senate.
The House-passed bill would raise the national hourly minimum wage for the first time since 2009, to $19.50 from $9.40.
The increase is a top priority for progressive Democrats.
Ms Pelosi predicted the relief bill will pass Congress with or without the increase, and said Democrats would not give up on the matter.