AstraZeneca has told the European Union it expects to deliver less than half the Covid-19 vaccines it was contracted to supply in the second quarter, an EU official told Reuters on Tuesday.
Contacted by Reuters, AstraZeneca did not deny what the official said, but a statement late in the day said the company was striving to increase productivity to deliver the promised 180m doses.
The expected shortfall, which has not previously been reported, follows a big reduction in supplies in the first quarter and could hit the EU’s ability to meet its target of vaccinating 70% of adults by summer.
The EU official, who is directly involved in talks with the Anglo-Swedish drugmaker, said the company had told the bloc during internal meetings that it “would deliver less than 90m doses in the second quarter”.
AstraZeneca’s contract with the EU, which was leaked last week, showed the company had committed to delivering 180m doses to the 27-nation bloc in the second quarter.
Meanwhile, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Tuesday that global deaths from coronavirus-related complications have declined by 20% in the past week, with cases dropping for the sixth consecutive week worldwide. Deaths have been falling for three consecutive weeks, according to the WHO.
The global case total stands at 112m, according to the Johns Hopkins University tracker, with deaths at 2.48m.
Asked about the EU official’s comment on vaccine doses, a spokesperson for AstraZeneca initially said: “We are hopeful that we will be able to bring our deliveries closer in line with the advance purchase agreement.”
Later in the day a spokesperson said in a new statement the company’s “most recent Q2 forecast for the delivery of its Covid vaccine aims to deliver in line with its contract with the European Commission”.
He added: “At this stage AstraZeneca is working to increase productivity in its EU supply chain and to continue to make use of its global capability in order to achieve delivery of 180m doses to the EU in the second quarter.“
A spokesperson for the commission, which coordinates talks with vaccine manufacturers, said it could not comment on the discussions because they were confidential.
He said the EU should have more than enough shots to hit its vaccination targets if the expected and agreed deliveries from other suppliers were met, regardless of the situation with AstraZeneca.
The EU official, who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity, confirmed that AstraZeneca planned to deliver about 40m doses in the first quarter, again less than half the 90m shots it was supposed to supply.
AstraZeneca warned the EU in January that it would fall short of its first-quarter commitments due to production issues. It was also due to deliver 30m doses in the last quarter of 2020 but did not supply any shots last year because its vaccine had yet to be approved by the EU.
All told, AstraZeneca’s total supply to the EU could be about 130m doses by the end of June, well below the 300m it committed to deliver to the bloc by then.
The arrival of fewer AstraZeneca Covid vaccines in the EU in the second quarter has been factored into Irish forecasts that were updated on Tuesday, prime minister Micheál Martin said after Reuters reported the shortfall.
The EU has also faced delays in deliveries of the vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech as well as Moderna’s shot. So far they are the only vaccines approved for use by the EU’s drug regulator.
AstraZeneca’s vaccine was authorised in late January and some EU member states such as Hungary are also using Covid shots developed in China and Russia.
According to a German health ministry document dated 22 February, AstraZeneca is forecast to make up all of the shortfalls in deliveries by the end of September.
The document seen by Reuters shows Germany expects to receive 34m doses in the third quarter, taking its total to 56m shots, which is in line with its full share of the 300m doses AstraZeneca is due to supply to the EU.
The German health ministry was not immediately available for a comment.
If AstraZeneca does ramp up its output in the third quarter, that could help the EU meet its vaccination target, though the EU official said the bloc’s negotiators were wary because the company had not clarified where the extra doses would come from.
“Closing the gap in supplies in the third quarter might be unrealistic,” the official said, adding that figures on deliveries had been changed by the company many times.
The EU contracts stipulate that AstraZeneca will commit to its “best reasonable efforts” to deliver by a set timetable.
Earlier this month, AstraZeneca said it expected to make more than 200m doses a month globally by April, double February’s level, as it works to expand global capacity and productivity.